Diazepam is the family member of benzodiazepine drugs, which are commonly used for calming effects. There are in numerous use of diazepam. It was first marketed as Valium. It can be taken orally, injected in vein or can be inserted in rectum. As it available in all sorts of way to intake, becomes easier for the person to take. It’s half life is 20 hours.
Diazepam is mainly used for the treatment of anxiety, insomnia, panic attacks, symptoms after the person stop taking alcohol. It can be used as pre- medication i.e. before some procedure of medicine. It includes some surgeries, endoscopy, etc. It helps to treat vertigo which is due to neurovegetation i.e. blockage of nerves of spinal chord. It also helps to overcome the benzodiazepine withdrawal with it’s long half life. It helps for the person who have got sleepless nights with small dose and not even addictive. It helps in adjunctive treatment of spastic muscular paresis which is caused by cerebrum ( part of brain) or spinal chord such as strokes, multiple sclerosis or an injury to spinal chord due to any kind of accident. It is first line treatment of seizures. It also help to get back loss memory due to some medication or due to some accident. It can be used in emergency for treatment of eclampsia when IV magnesium sulphate and medications of blood pressure have failed for controlling the patients situation. It can also be used as muscle spasm or muscle relaxer. Also helps in various dystonias, Baclofen and Tizanidine can be used as alternative to Diazepam.
Diazepam is marketed in over more than 500 brands around the globe. It is supplied in all the forms i.e injection, tablets, inhalation, and also rectal form. Convulsive anti node neave agent (CANA) which contains diazepam, is included in the United States military. The use of diazepam should be avoided by the person who suffers from problem like ataxia, severe hepatic problems, liver disorders or liver cirrhosis decrease, dialysis i.e. person’s kidney not functioning properly, lady who is pregnant or breast feeding narrow angle glaucoma. It should not be combine with any other sedatives or sleeping pills. Over dosage can be fatal. Drug should not be abused or overdosed. Should be taken in proper dose for proper period of time or according to the prescription.