Valium is the family member of benzodiazepine. Valium, is brand name for diazepam. It was typically produced for its calming effect. It is used to treat conditions including anxiety, alcohol withdrawal syndrome, muscle spasms, seizures, trouble sleeping, restless legs syndrome. It is available in tablets as well as injection form. It can be taken orally or inserted by rectum. It can be injected intra muscular or intra vein. Injection effects within 5 minutes of injected. When taken orally it takes around forty minutes to effect. Other brand name is vazepam. Its biological half life is 20 hours.
The first clinically useful BZDs was introduced in the US in 1960 named Librium. The second successful BZDs for the market was diazepam with the trade name valium. It was most prescribed drug in the US, sales peaked in 1978 upto 2.3 billons of pills in a year. These medications replaced barbiturates since they have got same sedative effects and hypnotic effect. Diazepam are more effective anxiolytic. It is told that it is lethal overdose and lower potential for abuse and dependence.
Valium is manufactured by Roche company. It is in round shaped tablet with blue colour. The size is 9 mm with the strength 10mg. on tablets it is imprinted as V on both the sides. It can only be taken on prescription by the doctor. Caution on the box is it can’t be taken by the lacting or pregnant lady. It can be fatal for the fetous and the kid respectively. It has been classified in schedule III drug by FDA. Roche distributes 30 thousand packets of 50 pills every month. Valium of this company is used by the all over the globe. It is most trusted company by the people. It supplies tablets only in 10mg.
They produced tablets of 5mg but due to some chemical imbalance it did not proved to be effective. Therefore company recalled all the vendors and expected all the packets of tablets from all the patients. So it does not cause any harm to the people. The managing director, Svend Peterson, said “I am not sure how many patients would be affected, but its important that the packets are returned and that the patients seek medical advice.” The incident took place at the distribution centre. Even the worker was sacked by the company. Valium has got side effects when not used in proper dose. It can be addictive and can have adverse effects on health when used for long period of time.