Benzodiazepine drugs are the drugs consisting benzene and diazepine ring. It is fusion of both the elements. These drugs are also known as benzos. These are psychoactive drugs. These drugs are used to treat brain disorders such as depression, anxiety, etc. it works on the GABA receptors of neurons in the brain. To maintain the chemical balance of the brain.
The 1st drug under this class discovered was chlordiazepoxide (Librium) by lea starch. This class include other drugs such as xanax, valium, alparax, etc. it calm downs the activity of brain making one feel relax. It induces sleep so patient can sleep peacefully. It can also be used in treatment of seizures, muscle relaxant, agitation, alcohol withdrawal and pre medication before any surgery. It can also be helpful for cancer patient in their pain.
This class of medicines are generally viewed to be safe and effective for short term use. Long term use of such medicines is controversial and can have adverse effects on the health. They have sedative quality which is helpful for patients with anxiety, insomnia, depression, panic attacks, and agitation. These medicines can be taken orally. They are also available in the form of injection which can be taken in muscles or vein. It can also be inserted by the rectum. They are well tolerated and effective for short term use.
This medicines can’t be used by the lady who is pregnant or breast feeding. It can have adverse effects on fetal and baby respectively. One should be very careful before taking such medicines. It should be taken in proper dose and for proper time period. Patient who has history of drug addiction shouldn’t take this type of medicines. Any other medications should not be taken with this medicine. It may have adverse effects of combination on health.
This type of drugs is addictive. Person gets depended on this. The long term use can have adverse side effects. The common side effects are drowsiness, nausea, dizziness, irritability, mood swing. Lack of co ordination and which may result in fall and injuries. Libido decreased and erection problems may increase. It also increases heart rate which results in high blood pressure and can be fatal and have adverse effects on the heart. It slower downs the breathing effecting on lungs. Person having liver or kidney disorders shouldn’t take these medicines. People must strictly follow the prescription and visit doctor regularly. Medicines shouldn’t be overused or abused.