Pain medicines are known as “analgesic”. They just increase the threshold of the body to bear pain. They do not help completely to vanish pain. Main reason of pain must be known. The pain is due to lack of nutrients, accidents, stress, etc. if person knows actual reason so medication can be taken for that reason. Taking only pain killers doesn’t makes sense. A pain medication helps to overcome from different kinds of pain.
Pain killers are available with various names and powers. Many act on peripheral nervous system and others act on central nervous system.
Analgesics are of two types:
1) Anesthetic, which has temporary effect and used for normal pain in daily routine.
2) Non- steroidal inflammatory drugs (NSIDs) which eliminates completely pain and sensation.
They are mostly opid drugs such as morphine, oxycodone, etc. people must know about what kind of pain they have and take medications accordingly with doctor’s concern.
Anesthetic pain killers can be used by everyone. It works on peripheral nervous system. It is used for normal to mild pain. it works within short period of time. It biological half time mostly is 4 to 5 hours. There are many combinations available such as paracetamol+ ibuprofen, paracetamol + diclofenac, etc. This kind of medicines is also anti pyretic i.e. it also helps in fever. These medicines can use on daily basis but long term use can damage liver. People must be very careful while using pain killers.
NSIDs, these types of drugs are used by the patients suffering from major diseases such as cancer, strokes, etc or patients from accidents or burn cases. These drugs work on central nervous system. They help in pain as well as they have sedative effect. They calm & relax the brain and person does not feel the pain. These drugs should not be taken for mild pain. it should be taken by doctor’s concern. These drugs have the property of addictive and abuse. So one must be very much careful while using these drugs.
Pain killers work on the respective part where the person feels pain making the muscles relax. It helps the muscle to be normal and relieves the patients from pain. Pain killers should not be taken in large amount since they are not at all good. One must be very careful while taking them. They can damage liver and other body parts. It should be taken in proper dosage and for proper time period prescribe by doctor.